How does family background influence academic achievement? And how does it affect a child’s interests? These are some questions you should ask yourself. Read on.
These questions will give you a better understanding of how a child’s family background can affect their academic performance.
In this article, we will cover the main questions regarding family background and child SES and their influence on academic achievement and interests.
You can also learn the good parenting methods that work here.
Relationship between family background and academic achievement
While the socioeconomic status of parents is a key factor in predicting a child’s academic achievement, it is not the only factor that influences school achievement. The quality of education also affects academic achievement.
Children with better academic performance often come from families with higher socioeconomic status. Parents who have higher incomes are often better prepared to pay for good educational services and resources, which can have a beneficial effect on a child’s achievement.
In the United States, the social economic status of parents has a large influence on a child’s academic performance. Children from low-income families often do not receive the same quality of education as children from middle-class families.
In China, the social economic status of parents is a significant determinant of educational opportunities, and children from higher-income families have a greater chance to get better grades in school.
The quality of a child’s education also affects the quality of the future labor force. A good primary school education is essential for higher education.
Relationship between family SES and child well-being
In a systematic review of the literature on child well-being, Linver and her co-authors found that the level of family SES influenced child outcomes.
Among other outcomes, family SES predicted stability in romantic relationships, good quality of parent-child relationships, and a range of child development outcomes.
The results support an interactionist theory of family SES and well-being, which incorporates social causation and selection assumptions. The authors also suggest directions for future research.
Children from families of lower socioeconomic status have worse health outcomes than their peers. However, other factors may influence these disparities, including:
- Community SES, and
- Social support.
These factors may influence a child’s health and cognitive skills throughout life. Additionally, children from lower-income families are more likely to suffer from violence and other adverse childhood experiences.
Although these findings highlight the need for more research on this topic, they do suggest that a greater family support from parents in low-SES families may mitigate negative effects of SES on child well-being.
This is consistent with prior findings in previous literature, which repeatedly report the importance of family relationships during stressful life events.
Effects of family SES on child’s interests
Parents’ involvement in their child’s school is a key mediator of family SES. Parents were asked four questions to assess their involvement, including:
- Whether they regularly discuss school with their children,
- Whether they ask their child to do homework, and
- Whether they check their child’s homework.
Parents’ mental health can also be affected by lower SES, which affects child development. They also report feeling less secure as a parent. This can lead to conflict among family members and disrupt parenting practices, which can negatively affect child development.
In addition, parents may adopt unsupportive or harsh disciplinary strategies.
The socioeconomic status of a family can affect a child’s enthusiasm for learning. Research shows that higher SES is associated with lower enthusiasm for learning.
In addition, children from poorer backgrounds are less motivated to learn than their counterparts from richer families. The quality of schooling and parental involvement in education are also factors that affect children’s enthusiasm for learning.
Effects of family SES on child’s academic achievement
Low SES is associated with learning disabilities, negative psychological outcomes, and decreased educational achievement.
Moreover, exposure to toxic stress during early childhood can negatively impact the development of a child’s behavior, learning, and health. In fact, children from lower-SES households are twice as likely to exhibit problems related to learning.
Furthermore, they were also more likely to show disinterest in learning, lack of cooperation, and attention problems.
In a recent study, Fang and Feng found that the social economic status of a family affected a child’s academic achievement. Their research included middle school students from Nanjing, China.
Similarly, Sun et al found that parent education and income had a significant impact on a child’s academic performance. The study also examined primary school students in the province of Gansu, China.
The study found that students from higher-SES families showed higher academic achievement. This difference was related to their parents’ involvement in their children’s education.
In addition, high-SES children were more likely to have access to outside resources that could boost their academic achievement.
The results of this study suggest that parents of low-SES children should avoid social comparisons based on their families’ economic capacities, because such comparisons could erode their academic performance.